The Cadí Moixeró Natural Park was created in July 1983 in response to the need to protect the Sierra del Cadí and the surrounding area. It has a total surface area of 41,342, ha. which makes it one of the largest parks in Catalonia. The park stretches across three comarcas (rural districts): El Berguedà, L’Alt Urgell, and La Cerdanya.
Two great mountain ranges of Cadí and Moixeró, joined by the Tancalaporta pass, form an impressive mountain barrier stretching from West to East for some 30 km, including the watersheds of the Segre (Cerdanya and Alt Urgell) and Llobregat (Berguedà) rivers. The mountain slopes, particularly those of the North, form craggy escarpments with almost sheer rock walls and deep valleys, quite different from the other geological entities of Pedraforca, Tosa and Puigllançada.
El Pedraforca, which is one of the most attractive mountains for climbers, occupies a special place in Catalan mountaineering tradition. It merits special attention, as it provides a beautiful and thrilling setting for climbing and is considered an authentic reference point for hikers and mountaineers in Catalonia.
The Natural Park, a mountainous region, lies between an altitude of 800 m from the lowest valley bed and 2,648 m at the top of the canal Baridana, and it is considered to be of great interest for its wide diversity in geology, vegetation and fauna.
As for the climate, annual rainfall ranges from 1,500 mm on the Eastern side of the mountains to 700 mm in the Western lower areas, where the Segre and Lavansa valleys are the most protected against maritime winds. Snow is present here for approximately six months of the year in the highest areas. The average annual temperatures fluctuate from 11º C in the lower parts of Alt Urgell (Spain) to 0º C at the highest peaks. Winters are in general very cold and temperatures can go below -20º C. Summers aren’t very warm.